From 2000 to 2015, the number of Americans with hearing loss has doubled.
Globally the number is up by 44%.
- 48 million people in America and ~360 million worldwide
- 1 in 5 teens
- 1 in 5 adults
- 3 in 5 of returning military service members
- Hearing loss and tinnitus are the top two reported health concerns among service members both active and veterans.
- Hearing loss is the 2nd most prevalent health issue globally
- The number of people with hearing loss is more than those living with Parkinson’s, epilepsy, Alzheimer’s, and diabetes combined.
- Tinnitus (ringing/buzzing in ears) affects ~10% of Americans on a regular basis
- 25 million American adults report experiencing tinnitus for five or more continuous minutes in the past year
- 16 million people seek medical attention for tinnitus
- Roughly 90 percent of tinnitus cases occur with an underlying hearing loss
- Causes of Hearing Loss and Tinnitus
- Genetic factors
- Ototoxic medications (medicine-induced hearing loss)
- Viral or bacterial infections
Why is the number of people with hearing loss increasing?
1. Noise-Induced Hearing Loss
People are exposed to dangerous noise levels at work or during leisure activities
- 26 million people in U.S. between ages 20-69 have hearing loss
- 20% of teens ages 12-19 have reported hearing loss due to loud noise
- 30 million U.S. workers are exposed to hazardous noise levels
2. Age-Related Hearing Loss
The population of people age 65+ is expanding… rapidly
- 33% of Americans between ages 65-74 and nearly 50% of those 75+ have hearing loss
- Hearing loss has been associated with cognitive decline, dementia, depression, hospitalization, and heart disease, among other diseases and conditions
3. Economic Impact Associated With Hearing Loss
- Lifetime costs of profound hearing loss can be as much as $1 million per person in the U.S.
- Arch Intern Med. Nov 14, 2011. Hearing Loss Prevalence in the United States: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3564588/
- JAMA: August 18, 2010. Change in Prevalence of Hearing Loss in US Adolescents:http://jama.jamanetwork.com/article.aspx?articleid=186427
- Interview with the executive director of DoD’s Hearing Center of Excellence:http://online.qmags.com/HH1012?fs=2&pg=20&mode=2#pg20&mode2
- Bulletin of the World Health Organization. May 1, 2014. The global burden of disabling hearing impairment: a call to action:http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4007124/
- NIDCD Fact Sheet: Noise-Induced Hearing Loss: http://www.nidcd.nih.gov/health/hearing/pages/noise.aspx
- Administration on Aging. A profile of older Americans: 2010:http://www.aoa.gov/Aging_Statistics/Profile/2011/docs/2011profile.pdf
- 1993 study by the Marion Downs Center
- Better Hearing Institute, May 2007
- Cognitive decline: Paper: “Hearing Loss and Cognitive Decline in Older Adults.” JAMA Internal Medicine, Feb. 25, 2013.
- NIDCD: nih.gov/health/statistics/Pages/quick.aspx
- From the chapter “The Epidemiology of Tinnitus” in the book “Tinnitus: Theory and Management” (PMPH USA, 2004).
- Article: “Diagnosing Tinnitus.” Hearing Health, Summer 2013.org/diagnosing_tinnitus